stripe decor


 by Gary L. Miller

Copyright 1980 - 2006




Anonymous.  The Sportsman’s Portfolio of American Field Sports.  Boston: M. M. Ballou, 1855.  (Pp.20 and 24 contain illustrations and descriptions of fishing with tip-ups for pike and smelt).


Apfelbaum, Ben, Eli Gottlieb and Steven J. Michaan.  Beneath the Ice, The Art of the Spear Fishing Decoy.  New York:  E. P. Dutton and Company in association with The Museum of American Folk Art, 1990.  (Basically an exhibition catalog for the exhibit of the same name.  Beautifully photographed.  Minimal text.)


Baron, Frank R. and Raymond L. Carver.  Bud Stewart, Michigan’s Legendary Lure Maker.  Hillsdale, Michigan:  Ferguson Communications, 1990.


Baron, Frank R.  One Fish, Two Fish, Green Fish, Blue Fish.  Livonia, Michigan:  Frank Baron, 1992.  (I have not personally reviewed this source but according to a review by George Richey published in the Mar. 1992 issue of the NFLCC Gazette, it covers “over 60 different carvers, either by text or illustration ... drawings by Jim Serdenis help illustrate the book ... including several articles that he has written, or from his decoy lists”).


Baron, Frank R.  Commercial Fish Decoys, Identification and Value Guide: Collectible Decoys and Implements Used in the Sport of Ice Spear Fishing.  Paducah, Kentucky: Collector Books, 2002 (Generally good but lots of filler. Values are conservative).


Bishop, Robert.  American Folk Sculpture.  New York:  E. P. Dutton and Company, 1974.(Pp. 128-133 contain a chapter titled  “From the Waters” with 9 fish decoy illustrations including 2 Oscar Petersons, a Bert Winnie and a sketch showing how decoys are used. Some of these same illustrations also appear in the Americana article by this same author. Minimal text).


Bishop, Robert.  Treasures of American Folk Art.  New York:  Harry N. Abrams, Inc., 1979.(Pg. 19 contains a large color illustration of 8 assorted fish decoys some of which can now be identified as Isaac Goulette, Pearl Bethel and Frank Mizera. Very brief text).


Bishop, Robert and Jacqueline M. Atkins.  Folk Art In American Life.  New York: Viking Studio Books, 1995.  (Basically a showcase of the collections of the Museum of American Folk Art, it’s friends and benefactors.  Pg. 184 contains four color fish decoy illustrations: anonymous Sturgeon coaxer (probably Wisconsin) and three Oscar Peterson’s.  Photo caption has short biographical sketch of Peterson.  Curiously, all the examples shown are quite unremarkable, given that this museum has access to some of the worlds finest examples.  Minimal text.)


Bishop, Robert and Judith Weissman.  Knopf Collectors’ Guide to Folk Art. New York: Knopf, 1983.  (I have not personally examined this source).


Borge, Lila J. and Jay A. Leitch.  Winter Darkhouse Spearing in Minnesota:  Characteristics of Participants.  Fargo, ND:  Center for Environmental Studies, Tri-College University, North Dakota State University, September 1988, Misc. Pub. #2.  (Title is self descriptive).


Brooks, Lake.  Science of Fishing.  St. Louis, MO:  A. R. Harding, Publisher, 1912.  (Not examined).


Bueno, Bill.  The American Fisherman’s Guide.  New York:  Prentice-Hall, Inc.,1952.  pp. 190-196.  (Reprint of “The Shadow Catchers” by Gordon MacQuarrie).


Calabi, Silvio.  The Collector’s Guide to Antique Fishing Tackle.  Secaucus, NJ: Wellfleet Press, 1989.  (Mr. Calabi is editor of Rod and Reel Magazine.  Fish decoy chapter, pp. 147-170, has 15 large high quality color photos).


Charles, Gordon.  A Boy, A Bike & Buster.  Traverse City, MI:  Traverse Outdoor Press, 1995, (169 pages with illustrations by Gene Hibbard.  Autobiographical account of growing up in 1930s Traverse City, Michigan.  Good sketches of Trude Hardware, Mark Craw, Howard Blonshine, Harry Day, Art Winnie, Ed Zimmerman, Fred Birdsey and other local places and characters.  Includes an account of the introduction of smelt to Michigan).


Chiappetta, Jerry.  Modern ABC’s of Ice Fishing.  Harrisburg, PA:  The Stackpole Company, 1966.  (Good overview of the sport of ice fishing ca. 1965.  The spearing chapter offers a particularly good explanation of how this sport is conducted.  The book draws heavily from Michigan sources and examples as Chiappetta is from Michigan).


Claflin, Bert.  Muskie Fishing.  New York:  Alfred A. Knopf, 1948, (See Ben Chosa, pp. 68-74).


Colio, Quintina.  American Decoys.  Ephrata, Penn:  Science Press, 1972.  (Six sentence discussion of fish decoys.  Omits Michigan as one of the states that still permits spearing.  One photo of six unidentified decoys).


Darell, Margery.  Currier & Ives; Christmas in the Country.  Princeton, N.J. :  Pyne Press, 1974.  (Illustrations and descriptions of C.&I. prints, some of which depict ice fishing scenes, tip-ups, etc.).


Densmore, Frances.  Chippewa Customs.  St. Paul, Minn:  Minnesota Historical Society Press, 1979.  (Reprint of 1929 edition.  Plate 45 d illustrates indian spearing decoy with birchbark tail).


Fleckenstein, Henry A., Jr.  American Factory Decoys.  Exton, Penn:  Schiffer Publishing Limited, 1981.


Forester, Frank.  The Complete Manual for Young Sportsmen.  New York:  W. A. Townsend, Publisher, 1866.


Fritz, Ronald J.  Michigan’s Master Carver, Oscar W. Peterson, 1887-1951. Boulder Junction,Wisconsin: Aardvark Publications, Inc., 1987.  (Generally good but some of the dimensions and attributions cited here cannot be trusted. Numerous errors).


Gates, Charles M., ed.  Five Fur Traders of the Northwest.  St. Paul, Minn:  Minnesota Historical Society Press, 1965.


Gibson, W. Hamilton.  Camp Life in the Woods and Tricks of Trapping and Trap Making.  New York:  Harper & Brothers, Franklin Square, 1881.  (Describes spearing through the ice with a decoy and tells how to construct an underwater decoy light for spearing at night).


Gilman, Carolyn.  Where Two Worlds Meet.  St. Paul, Minn:  Minnesota Historical Society Press, 1982.


Goode, George Brown.  The Fisheries and Fishery Industries of the United States. Washington, D.C.:  United States Government Printing Office, 1887.  (Page 767 contains a description of winter spearing on Saginaw Bay in the years 1877-79).


Gribbins, Joseph.  Chris-Craft, A History - 1922-1942.  Marblehead, Mass.:  Devereux, 2001.  (Good biographical sketches of Chris Smith and others important in the history of Chris-Craft).


Gruenwald, Tom.  Hooked on Ice Fishing III - Game Fish.  Krause Publications, 1999.  (Softcover, 300 B & W photos.  Not examined).


Haid, Alan G.  Decoys of the Mississippi Flyway.  Exton, Penn.:  Schiffer Publishing Limited, 1981.  (Short biographical sketches of Lake St. Clair area duck decoy carvers who also made fish decoys; Schroeder, Kelson, Kellie, etc.)


Harbin, Clyde.  James Heddon’s Sons Catalogues by the Bassman. Memphis, Tenn:  The Bassman,1984.  (Good source for dating Heddon decoys).


Harbin, Clyde.  James Heddon’s Sons Catalogues by the Bassman. Memphis, Tenn:  The Bassman,1984 with additions by Clarence Zahn.  (More complete than the former).


Harbin, Clyde.  Heddon Historical Footprints, James Heddon’s Son, Dowagiac, Mi.  Memphis, Tenn:  The Bassman, CAH Enterprises, 1995.  (Valuable referrence for Heddon).


Harbin, Clyde and Bill Wetzel.  A Collectors Reference Guide to Heddon Fishing Lures. Bamberg, South Carolina: 1984.


Harrell, Loy S.  Decoys of Lake Champlain.  West Chester, Pa.:  Schiffer Publishing Ltd.,  1986.  (Brief discussion of Lake Champlain fish decoys).


Henry, Alexander.  Travels and Adventures In Canada and the Indian Territories Between the Year 1760 and 1776.  Rutland, Vermont:  Charles E. Tuttle Co. Press, 1969.


Henshall, James A., M. D.  Book of the Black Bass.  Cincinnati, Ohio:  Robert Clarke & Co., 1881.  (Contains an interesting illustration on page 314 of bass baits of the day (1881) one of which looks a lot like a Pflueger rubber minnow but is identified as Conroy, Bissett & Malleson).


Hogan, Austin S.   American Sporting Periodicals of Angling Interest: A Selected Check List and Guide.  Manchester, Vermont:  The Museum of American Fly Fishing, 1973.  First Edition.  128 pgs.  (The book has a brief overview of nineteenth century periodicals and then the meat of the book is a reference of where sporting magazines can be found in libraries all over the country.  It lists the volumes and issues of all the major and minor sporting magazines.  This is an indispensable reference tool for locating magazines to help with research.  The last part of the book are excerpts taken from magazines that the author found of importance.  Many of the excerpts deal with trout, bamboo rods, flies and other subjects of interest).  Not personally examined by me.


Hubbard, Gurdon Saltonstall.  Autobiography of Gurdon Saltonstall Hubbard.  Publisher unknown.  1863.  (Contains an account of fishing with a decoy in the winter of 1811 near Muskegon, Michigan.  Believed to be the earliest account of the use of a fish decoy by a white man in Michigan or anywhere else for that matter).


Hubbs, Carl L. and Karl F. Lagler.  Fishes of the Great Lakes Region.  Bloomfield Hills, Mich.:  The Cranbrook Press, 1947. (Good scource for information on Michigan fish species).


Irwin, R. Stephen, MD.  Sporting Collectibles.  Wayne, New Jersey:  Stoeger Publishing Co., 1997.  (pp. 119-132 devoted to a sketchy but adequate overview of fish decoy collecting.  23 photos, including but not limited to: Bear Creek, Bruning, Janner, Peterson and Vandenbossche).


Kangas, Gene and Linda.  Decoys, A North American Survey.  Spanish Fork, Utah:  Hillcrest Publications, Inc., 1983. 


Kangas, Gene and Linda.  Decoys.  Paducah, Kentucky:  Collector Books, 1992.


Keene, John Harrington.  The Boy’s Own Guide to Fishing.  Boston, Mass:  Lee and Shepard Publishers, 1894.  (pp.162,164 and 167 contain excellent illustrations and descriptions of tip-ups and how they work).


Kimball, Art, Brad, and Scott.  The Fish Decoy.  Boulder Junction, Wis.:  Aardvark Publications, Inc., 1986.  (Lots of pictures, sketchy text.  Chapter Two, “The Early History”, is quite good).


Kimball, Art, Brad, and Scott.  The Fish Decoy Volume II.  Boulder Junction, Wis.:  Aardvark Publications, Inc. 1987.  (More emphasis on contemporary carvers).


Kimball, Art, Brad, and Scott.  The Fish Decoy Volume III.  Boulder Junction, Wis.:  Aardvark Publications, Inc. 1993.  (More of the same).

Kimball, Art & Brad.  Fish Decoys of the Lac Du Flambeau Ojibway.  Boulder Junction, Wis.:  Aardvark Publications, Inc. 1988.  (Title self explanatory.  Paperback, 96 pgs.)


Kimball, Art and Scott.  Early Fishing Plugs of the U.S.A.  Boulder Junction, Wis.:  Aardvark Publications, Inc. 1985.  (Based largely on patent information).


Kimball, Art and Scott.  Collecting Old Fishing Tackle.  Boulder Junction, Wis.:  Aardvark Publication Inc., 1980.  (See Chapter 5,  “Ice Spearing Decoys”.  Very little information and much of that is erroneous).


Kinietz, W. Vernon.  Indians of the Western Great Lakes, 1615-1760.  Ann Arbor, Mi.:  University of Michigan Press, 1965.


Kirk, Robert A.  Hook, Line & Spear: The Ice Fishing History of Lake Simcoe.  (Not examined).


Klamkin, Marian and Charles.  Wood Carvings, North American Folk Sculptures.  New York: Hawthorne Books Inc., 1974.  (See chapter 16,  “Fish and Fish Decoys”, pp. 173-178.  5 fish decoys are illustrated here.  All are Lake Winnebago, Wisconsin sturgeon coaxers.  Also illustrated in color on the book jacket.  Scanty text).


Kock, Ronald M.  Decoys of the Winnebago Lakes.  Amherst, Wisconsin:  Palmer Publications, Inc.  1988.


Kohl, Johana.  Kitaki Gami (Wanderings Round Lake Superior).  London, England: Chapman and Hall.


Leitch, Jay A.  Darkhouse Spearfishing Across North America. Fargo, ND:  Center for Environmental Studies, North Dakota State University, 1992.


Lewis, Russell E.  Classic Fishing Lures, Identification and Price Guide, KP Books/FW Publications.  (Not examined).


Lincoln, Robert Page.  The Pike Family.  Harrisburg, PA.:  The Stackpole Co.,1953.  (Chapter VI, “Pike Through the Ice”, is basically an anti spearing diatribe by a man who previously wrote several articles describing how to make a decoy for spearing pike through the ice.  Wonderfully venomous).


Lind, James A.  Muskie.  Chicago, Illinois:  McCormick & Henderson, Inc., 1964.  pp. 62-63.  (Map with key showing the locations and names of all the authenticated muskie waters in the State of Michigan).


Little, Gene.  Ice Fishing.  Chicago, Illinois:  Henry Regnery Company, 1975.  (Excellent all around book on all the facets of ice fishing.  Lots of illustrations).


Luckey, Carl F.  Identification and Value Guide to Old Fishing Lures and Tackle, 2nd Edition. Florence, Alabama: Books Americana, Inc., 1986. (Well researched but values are, of course, outdated.  Draws heavily from the work of tackle historian, Clyde Harbin).


MacCrimmon, Hugh R. and Elmars Skobe.  The Fisheries of Lake Simcoe.  Ontario, Canada:  Department of Lands and Forests, Fish and Wildlife Branch, 1970.


Mazzuchelli, Samuel Charles.  Memoirs, Historical and Edifying.  Chicago: W. F. Printing Company, 1915.  (Pg.112 contains a description by this Italian missionary in 1834 of Indians spearing sturgeon through the ice on Green Bay with a fish decoy).


McDonald, John.  The Origins of Angling.  Garden City, New York:  Doubleday and Company, Inc., 1963.


Meyer, George H., Editor.  Folk Artists Biographical Index.  Detroit, Michigan:  Gale Research Company, 1987.  (Indexes published biographical material from a wide variety of sources).


Michaan, Steven.  American Fish Decoys.  Pound Ridge, New York:, Ltd., 2003.  (An oversized 10x12 inches and printed in six-color offset lithography on heavy stock by one of the world’s best fine art presses.  This visual guide to the art of the fishing decoy has over 100 images with heavy gloss and matte varnishes.  The edges of the pages have been silver-gilt.  Skimpy text.  Limited edition of 4000).


Michigan Dept. of Natural Resources.  Michigan Fisheries Centennial Report 1873-1973.  Lansing,Michigan:  Michigan Department of Natural Resources, 1974.  (Good historical account of the sturgeon fishery in Michigan by Wayne Tody and many other interesting reports).


Murphy, Dudley, and Rick Edmisten.  Fishing Lure Collectibles, Second Edition.  Paducah, Kentucky:  Collector Books,  2001.


Olson, Sigurd F.  Wilderness Days.  New York:  Knopf, 1972. (Contains excellent description of the spearing experience.  See  “Dark House” pgs. 209-214).


Petersen, Donald J.  Folk Art Fish Decoys with Values.  Atglen, Pa:  Schiffer Publishing Ltd., 1996.  (An excellent long awaited treatise dealing exclusively with Minnesota fish decoys that corrects many of the errors found in the Kimballs’ various works.  Includes spears and accouterments).


Petersen, Donald J. Fish Decoy Makers Past and Present.  Decoy Magazine, 2000.  (168 pgs. 62 in full color, over 400 fish decoy illustrations including contemporary, old time makers and spears).


Pinkowski, Bob.  Muskie Fever.  New York:  A. S. Barnes & Co., Inc., 1961.  pg. 96.  (Nice photo showing the unique markings of the baby muskie.  This explains why we sometimes see this pattern on spearing decoys.  This apparently appeals to the cannibalistic nature of the muskie).


Radcliffe, William.  Fishing from the Earliest Times.  Chicago:  Ares Publishers Inc., 1974.


Rebus Books, Inc.  American Country: Folk Art, imaginative works from American hands.  New York:  Time-Life Books, 1990.  (This comprehensive overview of American folk art contains a chapter titled “Art of the Professional” which includes a section, pp. 82 & 83, on “The Fish Decoys of Oscar Peterson”.  A full page of text and 8 examples illustrated from the collection of Ron Fritz.  Peterson is the only fish decoy carver mentioned in this comprehensive work.  Pgs. 166 & 167  show unidentified fish decoys from the collection of Barbara Johnson displayed in room settings.  I recognize a Ted Kalnbach decoy from my own collection).


Ricco, Roger and Frank Maresca with Julia Weissman.  American Primitive. New York:  Alfred A. Knopf,  1988.  (Pp. 160-163 have 6 color plates and one black & white plate of fish decoys.  All are anonymous and most are of the so called  “folk art” type.  Scanty text with no new information.  P. 227, Fig. 328 is a color plate of a Brook Trout plaque by Oscar Peterson.  I believe this is the first identified illustration of a Peterson art work to appear in a major folk art book).


Rostlund, Erhard.  Freshwater Fish and Fishing in Native North America.  Berkely: University of California Press, Publications in Geography, Volume 9, 1952.  (Description of the Japanese Ainu spearing through the ice under semiconical mat darktents).


Salive, Marcel.  Ice Fishing Spears.  Potomac, Maryland:  Marjac Publications, 1993. (312 pages, 460 photographs with detailed descriptions.)


Schoolcraft, Henry R.  Information Respecting the History, Condition and Prospects of The Indian Tribes of The United States: Part IV.  Philadelphia: Lippincott, Grambo & Co., 1854. pg. 61.  (Description of Indian spear fishing through the ice, including the use of a spear propelled by a bow.  Footnotes indicate plates by S. Eastman in Part II, but I have been unable to locate Part II).


Schoolcraft, Henry R.  Historical and Statistical Information Respecting the History, Condition and Prospects of The Indian Tribes of The United States: Part  1.  Philadelphia: Lippincott, Grambo & Co., 1854. pp. 88-89.  (Describes the indian use of ice chisels and the earlier forms made of antler).


Slade, Robert A.  The History & Collectible Fishing Tackle of Wisconsin, Muskego, Wisconsin:  Bob & Tess Slade, 1999.  (Helpful entries on the Artic Fisherman Co., Robert “Mad Dog” Billings and Blackhawk Enterprses).


Slyfield, Charles B.  A Brief Sketch of the Life of Charles B. Slyfield, An Autobiography.  Frankfort, Michigan: unpublished, May 9, 1912.  In Benzie Area Historical Society files, Benzonia, Michigan.  (Mr. Slyfield gives an account of spearing fish through the ice of Betsie Bay using a decoy in the winter of 1866).


Smith, Harold E.  Collectors Guide to Creek Chub Lures & Collectibles, Paducah, Kentucky:  Collector Books, 1997.


Stark, Larry and Magnus Berglund.  Hook, Line and Shelter, Ice Fishing Tales and Photos Too.  Cambridge MN:  Adventure Publications, Inc., 1990.


Starr, Robin.   “Fish Decoys”, in The American Sporting Collector’s Handbook, ed. by Allan J. Liu.  New York:  Winchester Press, 1982.  (Starr erroneously states that spearing is now illegal in all states except Minnesota.  General overview of collecting fish decoys with 8 black and white photographs.  Mostly Minnesota fish decoys illustrated).


Streater, Richard L.  Streater’s Reference Catalog of Old Fishing Lures.  (Fifth Printing).  Seattle, Washington:  Rippee Printing,  December, 1985. (Good factory reference work with many catalog and advertising illustrations).


Tanner, Helen H., ed.  Atlas of Great Lakes Indian History.  Norman, Oklahoma:  University of Oklahoma Press,1987.  (Pg.19 contains illustration of indians spear fishing through the ice.  This is one of the illustrations by S. Eastman from the Schoolcraft reference above).


Thompson, Maurice.  The Boys Book of Sports and Outdoor Life.   New York, New York:  The Century Company, 1886.


Thrasher, Halsey.  The Hunter and Trapper.  New York:  Orange Judd and Company, 1868.  pp.64-65.  (Short description of spring spearing in the shallows from a boat and how to spear through the ice with a decoy).


Tody, Wayne H.  “Whitefish, Sturgeon, and The Early Michigan Commercial Fishery.”  Michigan Fisheries Centennial Report 1873-1973.  Lansing, Michigan, April, 1974, (See pp. 50 & 51).


Tonelli, Donna.  Top of the Line Fishing Collectibles, With Values.  Atglen, Pa.:  Schiffer Publishing Ltd., 1997.  (Hundreds of quality color photographs of fish decoys, jigging sticks, spears, lures, reels, creels, bait boxes, fish models, plaques and trade signs.  Heavily biased toward Minnesota content.  Could have used a good proof reader).


Tonelli, Donna.  Fish and Fowl Decoys of the Great Lakes.  Atglen, Pa.:  Schiffer Publishing Ltd., 2002.  (A collection of decoys and calls from the Great Lakes region, over 1100 color photographs, along with original vintage black and white photos, extensive related literature, and a price guide).


Turner, Graham.  Fishing Tackle, A Collector’s Guide.  London, England:  Ward Lock Limited, 1989.  (384 pgs. of mostly English tackle but has a chapter on American tackle collectibles with a discussion of fish decoys and an extensive price guide.  Pg. 12 illustrates 2 early (3000 BC) stone fish from Eastern Siberia.  Pg. 220 has color photos of Oscar Peterson fish decoys by Gary L. Miller).


Walsh, Clune, Jr., and Lowell G. Jackson, Editors.  Waterfowl Decoys of Michigan and the Lake St. Clair Region.  Detroit, Mich.:  Gale Graphics,1983.


Walton, Izaak.  The Compleat [sic] Angler.  New York:  The Heritage Press, 1948.

White, Bradford.  Lake Champlain Ice Spearing Decoys and Carvers.  Yankee Publications, Jan., 2001.  (56 pages.  Not examined).


White, Karl T.  Fishing Tackle Antiques, Reference and Evaluation. Arcadia, Oklahoma: Karl T. White, 1987.




Apfelbaum, Ben.   “Fish Decoys, A Native American Craft.”  The Clarion, Vol. 15, No. 1, (Winter 1990), pp. 46-49.  (An interview with Ben Chosa and his views on the manufacture and use of the fish decoy by the Lac du Flambeau Ojibway.  Includes a photo of Chosa holding one of his decoys. Sidebar announcement of  “Beneath the Ice: The Art of the Fish Decoy” an exhibition to be held at the Museum of American Folk Art’s Feld Gallery at Lincoln Square. Photos of six pieces from that exhibit. Great cover photo of Oscar Peterson trout decoys).


Archer.  “Fishing in The Great Lakes.”  Forest and Stream, Jan. 27, 1876.  (Excellent detailed contemporaneous description of “Pickeralville” on Saginaw Bay and various methods of spearing including sturgeon spearing by indians).


Babe, Phil.  “Franklin Discher Decoys.”  NFLCC Gazette, (June, 1992), pg.22.  (An excellent in depth analysis of Mr. Discher and his decoys with many valuable tips on identification).


Baron, Frank.   “The Fish Decoy.”  The Decoy Hunter, (March/April, 1985), pp. 5-9, 16.  (Sketchy general article with 14 decoy photos.  Great cover photo of “record” sturgeon speared on Black Lake in 1957 except it was not a record.  Note that the middle photo on pg. 8 is mis-labeled “Maker unknown”.  It should be obvious to even the novice collector that this decoy is the work of Ernie Peterson and is brand spanking new, not “ca. 1950” as stated in the caption).


Baron, Frank.   “Bud Stewart - Michigan’s Master Lure and Ice Decoy Carver.”  Lure Collector, Book No. 3, (Spring 1986) pp.10-12.  (Contains a brief history of Bud and his baits).


Baron, Frank.   “The Kurtis Katch-All Lure.”  The NFLCC Gazette, (Sept., 1997), pg. 6.  (Illustrates patent for this multi-purpose dead bait holder).


Baron, Frank R.   “Frog Fish Spearing Decoys.”  Hunting & Fishing Collectibles Magazine, Vol. 6, No. 2, (March-April., 2006), pp. 12-14.  (16 illustrations of southern Michigan frog decoys most of which are unidentified).


Bauer, Erwin A.   “Gadget World of Ice Anglers.”  Sports Afield, Vol. 151, No. 1, (January, 1964), pp. 42-45.


Beard, Dan.   “Winter Sketches on the Long Island Shore.”  Harper’s Weekly, Vol. XXVII., No. 1368, (March 10, 1883), p.152. (Center panel illustrates spearing eels through the ice).


Beardslee, Steven and Richey, George,  “Apod Lures - H & S Tackle Co.”  NFLCC Gazette, (Spring, 1995), pp. 15 & 16.  (Sketches Hilton Speck’s H & S Tackle Co. and their Apod and Flatback lures).


Bennet, E.P.   “Fishing in Northern Michigan.”  Hunter-Trader-Trapper, Vol. XXIV, No. 4 (July 1912), pp. 51-53 (Contains a good description of sucker spearing and bullhead dipping), pp. 47 & 53 (pictures of Meier brothers of Stevens Co., Minn. with catch of furs and speared pickerel) and p. 55 (has picture of Sturgeon caught at Indian River, Mich.).


Beskin, Gerald S.   “The Lucky Stick.”  Sports Afield, (May, 1951), pp. ?.


Bishop, Robert.   “Folk Art From The Ice Fisherman.”  Americana, Vol. 6, No. 1, (March/April 1978), pp. 28-29.  (Bishop was director of the Museum of American Folk Art in New York City.  Illustrations include an Oscar Peterson fish decoy and a seldom seen variant of a Winnie decoy.  These same illustrations appeared earlier in color in American Folk Sculpture.)


Brewer, Keith.   “Contemporary Fish Decoy Carver - A.J.Downey.”  Lure Collector, Book No. 8, (Summer 1987) pp.20-23.  (An in-depth interview with this well known carver).


Brewer, Keith.  “The Fish Decoy.”  Lure Collector, Book No. 5, (Fall 1986), pp.19, 29.  (An interview with Art Kimball, one of the authors of  “The Fish Decoy”).


Brewer, Keith.   “South Bend’s Ice Decoy.”  Lure Collector, Book No. 3, (Spring 1986) p. 15. (Contains a very brief description of this rarity and an illustration from the 1923-24 South Bend Tackle Catalog).


Carmichael, Hoagy B.   “Crafty Catches.”  Arts & Antiques, (Summer, 1987), pp. 74-77, 126.  (Good well written article.  “Artsy” illustrations include many of the big name decoys; Hans Janner, Pecor Fox, Andy Trombley, Oscar Peterson, Isaac Goulette, Augie Janner and Tom Schroeder.).


Carter, H. Troy.  “John Fairfield: Master Decoy Man.”  Hunting & Fishing Collectibles Magazine, Vol. 3, No. 3, (May/June 2003), pp. 44 & 45.  (A rehash of the author’s earlier article that appeared in the June, 1998 issue of the NFLCC Gazette where he recounts his personal experience with this important Michigan carver and draws from Nick Torella’s earlier work to round it out).


Carver, Raymond & Barbara.   “Bud Stewart - Michigan’s Legendary Lure Maker.”  The NFLCC Gazette, (June, 1999), pp. 18 & 34.  (Tribute to Bud Stewart upon his death).


Catana, Jerry.   “Kelson & Reghi.”  Decoy Collector’s Guide, Vol. 6, 1977, pp. 104-115.


Clark, Edie.   “Hooked on Fish Decoys.”  Yankee, Vol. 51, No. 3, (March, 1987), pp. 94-99.  (General article with five photos of Derald Radtke’s Minnesota fish decoy collection). 


Clark, Malcolm.   “Ice Hole Angels.”  Sporting Classics, Vol. III, Issue IV, (Sept./Oct., 1984), pp.69-70.  (Description of spearing through the ice.  Makes the erroneous claim three times that spearing is illegal everywhere but Minnesota.  Three photos, one historic.  Mr. Clark obviously has read Starr).


Cleland, Charles E.   “The Inland Shore Fishery of the Northern Great Lakes: Its Development and Importance in Prehistory.”  American Antiquity, Vol. 47, No. 4, 1982, pp. 761-784.  (Reviews the archaeological and historical evidence for the aboriginal fishery of the region and how it evolved from the Late Archaic to historic times).


Connor, Barbara.   “Tom Schroeder Fish Decoys.”  The Decoy Hunter, No. 27, (September-October, 19), pp. 10-11.


Cottle, James T.   “How To Carve Fish Decoys.”  Michigan Out-Of-Doors, Vol. 42, No.1, (January, 1988), pp.33-35.


Crandell, Bernard W.   “The Remarkable Tom Schroeder.”  Decoy Collector’s Guide, Vol. 6, 1977, pp. 60-69.


Dale, Bonnycastle.   “The Mid-Winter Muskie.”  Outing, (December, 1915), pp. ?.  (Wonderful article describing making a decoy and snaring a muskie with a brass wire noose through the ice on a Canadian Lake.  Three photos.  They just don’t write like this anymore).


Dalrymple, Byron W.   “The Big, Often Unguessed World Of Fishing Beneath Winter’s Ice.”  The Fisherman, (January, 1958), pp. 19-24, 65-71.


Dana, Gordon Kay.   “The Joys of Ice Fishing.”  Sportsman’s Digest, Vol. 2, No. 2, (February, 1923), pp. 53-55.  (Discusses: spud design, methods of fishing for crappie and pike, using a revolver to dispatch the big ones, fishing with a light at night).


Deiss, Ron.  “Ice Spear Fishing: Focusing on the Upper Mississippi River La Crosse Reach”.  United States Army Corps of Engineers, Rock Island, Illinois, 2005.  (Ron Deiss is an archeologist in the Environmental Analysis Branch, Rock Island District, Army Corps of Engineers, Rock Island, IL.  This is essentially an expanded version of the article published in Illinois Antiquity in Mar. 2006. Copies of this article on computer disk can be obtained by sending $5.50 to:  Ice Spear Fishing Disk, Mississippi River Visitors Center, P.O. Box 2004, Rock Island, Illinois 61204-2004).


Deiss, Ron.  “Ice Spear Fishing and Fish Decoys.”  United States Army Corps of Engineers, Rock Island, Illinois, January, 2005.  (2 pages., 5 illustrations.  An abbreviated version of the previous article).


Deiss, Ron.  “Ice Spear Fishing On The Upper Mississippi.”  Illinois Antiquity, Vol. 41, No. 1, (March, 2006),  pp. 3-9.  (An excellent well researched article as might be expected from a professional archeologist.  Traces the development of the fish decoy from prehistoric mussel shell decoys to the present with a focus on the La Crosse Reach.  See previous 2 references).


Deiss, Ron.  “Spearing Fish Through the Ice.”  Big River, (January - February, 2006),  pp. 16-19.  (Another version of the previous 3 references).


Deiss, Ron.  “A Brief History of Ice Spear Fishing on the Fox River and its Tributaries in East Central Wisconsin”.  United States Army Corps of Engineers, Rock Island, Illinois, May, 2006.  (A comprehensive historical analysis of sturgeon spearing on Lake Winnebago and the Fox River drainage in Wisconsin).


Dickert, Harold.  “The Spear, Commanding New Respect as a Collectible.”  NFLCC Gazette, (March, 1992).


Dornbrook, Don.  “Hunting Big Fish Under the Ice.”  Popular Mechanics, 1948.  (pp 148-246).


Drexler, Peggy F.   “Living With Folk Art.”  Country Living, Vol. 7, No. 6, (June,1984), pp. 92-97.


East, Ben.   “Opening Day on Leelanau.”  Sports Afield, Vol. 93, No. 3, (March, 1935), pp. 12-13. (Interesting account of fishing with the Winnie brothers, Art and Bert).


Esarey, Duane.  “The Ancient Art of Decoy Fishing.”  The Living Museum, (A publication of the Illinois State Museum, Springfield, Illinois),  Vol. 55, No. 1 (1993). 


Fashingbauer, Bernard S.  “Spearing.”  Fur-Fish-Game, Vol. 81, No. 1, (January, 1987), pp. 12-13.  (Basically an instructional article on “how to go about spear fishing through the ice in Minnesota”.  Two photos, three decoys illustrated.  Two are plastic Bear Creek Ice Kings, one is wooden handmade).


“Fishtown.”  Frank Leslie’s Illustrated Newspaper, (February 16, 1878), pp. 412-413.  (Discussion of ice fishing activity on Saginaw Bay, Lake Huron. Five excellent wood cut illustrations of ice shanties on the bay)


“Fishing in North America.”  The Penny Magazine,  (June 3, 1837), pg. 332.  (Contains wood engraving of  “Chippeway” Indians fishing through the ice on Lake Huron at the mouth of the St. Clair River near present day Port Huron and a description of the technique of spearing with a decoy).


Flinn, Orval N.   “Eastern Trout from a Western Lake.”   National Sportsman, (January, 1927), pp.12-13.


Forum, a publication of the American Fish Decoy Association.


Forsthoffer, J. P.  “Fish Decoys Are Luring Folk Art Buyers.”  Antique Monthly, (May 1988), pp. 1-40.  (Excellent in-depth view of the fish decoy field with many good quality photos).


Fossey, Joe.  “”Lost” Lake Simcoe Fish Decoy Found.”  The NFLCC Gazette, (June, 1997), pp. 5 & 6.  (Recounts the discovery of this rare patented mechanical fish decoy).


Fossey, Joe.  “Capsule History of Busty’s Baits.”  The NFLCC Gazette, (Sept., 1998), pp. 31 & 32.


Frank, Kent.   “A Decoy Carving Dynasty: The Bethels of Park Rapids, MN”  NFLCC Gazette, (December, 1994), pp. 12 & 13.  (A short sketch of the Bethel family decoy makers).


Gallagher, Jack.   “The Rhodes Mechanical Frog.”  NFLCC Magazine, Vol. 14, No. 2, (December, 2004), pp. 30-33.  (Good background on Jay, Fred and Bert Rhodes and their involvement in Michigan’s early fishing tackle industry).


The Gazette, a publication of the National Fishing Lure Collectors Club.


Gilbert, James C.   “Fishing Thru The Ice.”  Game Stories, Vol. 1, No. 1, (January, 1932), pp. 24-27.


Grey, Hugh.   “Tip-Up!”  Field & Stream, Vol. XLVIII, No. 10, (February, 1944), pp. 40-42.


Guthrie, Greg.  “John Snow.”  Decoy Magazine, (January/February 1996).


Hirschey, David K.  “Do You Have A Swenson Decoy?”  Decoy Magazine, (Mar./April, 1993).


Hogan, Austin S.   “The Origins of Angling.”  The American Fly Fisher, Vol. 3, No. 1 (Winter, 1976),  pp. 18-21.  (Well researched article on the historical origins of the fish decoy.  Includes discussion of the Lake Baikal stone minnows).


Hornstra, Bob.  “Lures of Distinction - Kostielny Bait Co.”  The NFLCC Gazette, Vol. 17, No. 58 (Sept., 1993), pp. 5 & 6.  (Good, in-depth article.  Very informative but lacks sufficient photos of the baits discussed and those that are illustrated lack captions).


Houser, William P.  “Spring Fired Harpoon Is Deadly Against Frogs.”  Popular Mechanics, (August, 1947), pg. 179.  (Details how to built a spring powered harpoon from an old bamboo rod for spearing frogs).


Hubbard, Debbie Garrison.   “A Short History of Fletcher Flood Water and Jack’s Landing, Hillman, Michigan.”  AFDA Forum, No. 50 (September, 2002),  pp. 3-5.  (Well researched article on the history of the Floodwater and Jack’s Landing by a member of the owner’s family).


Irwin, R. Stephen.   “Spearing Decoys.”  Great Lakes Fisherman, Vol. 15, No. 1 (January, 1986),
pp. 20-21.


Irwin, R. Stephen.   “Fish Decoys.”  Sports Afield, (February, 1981), pp. 56-58.  (Very general discussion of fish decoys.  Three photos feature examples from Seth Rosenbaum and the author’s collections).


Jones, Roy.  “The Phillips Minnow.”  The NFLCC Gazette, (June, 1997), pp. 17-19.  (Biographical sketch of lure and fish decoy maker, Fred Phillips of Blanchard, MI).


Karlins, N. F.  “American Folk Art in Corporate Collections,”  The Clarion, Vol. 13, No. 2, (Spring, 1988), pg. 38.  (Photo of fish decoys in the Corporate collection of The Nestle Food Corporation).


Kangas, Gene.   “Underwater Decoys:  Fish.”  North American Decoy Magazine, (Spring, 1978),
pp.14-23. (Landmark article on Lake St. Clair fish decoys.  Twenty-two fish decoys from Lake St. Clair region and three spears are illustrated in color).


Kangas, Gene.   “Underwater Decoys:  Fish.”  Ohio Antique Review, (June, 1977). (Basically same article as above).


Kangas, Gene and Linda.  “Lake Chautauqua Spear Fishing.”  Decoy Magazine,  (September/October 1988).


Ketchum, William C., Jr.   “Delightful Deceptions.”  Country Home, Vol. VIII, No. 1, (February, 1986), pp. 83-87.


Kimball, Art and Scott.   “Fish Decoys.”  Hobbies, Vol. 86, No. 5, (July, 1981), pp. 94.


Kimball, Art and Scott.  “The Jay Rhodes Fish Decoy.”  NFLCC Gazette, (June, 1991).


Kimball, Art and Scott.  “Behold the Mighty Minnow.”  Decoy Magazine, (July/August, 1997).


Kimball, Art and Scott.  “Native American Spearfishing Decoys of the Upper Midwestern Great Lakes States.”  Decoy Magazine, (November/December, 1995).


Kimball, Art, Brad, and Scott.   “The Fish Decoy.”  Decoy Hunter, (Jan./Feb., 1987), pp. 9-11.  (This is a book review of The Fish Decoy by Art, Brad, and Scott Kimball.  The authors review their own book ?).


King, Madonna.   “Fish by Fliger.”  NEBRASKAland, Vol. 59, No. 2, (February, 1981), pp. 18-23.


Kopelow, Paul.  “Great Collections, ‘The Allure of Fish Decoys.’”  Country Living, (Sept., 1992).


Kovels.   “Hooked on Fish Decoys.”  Kovels, On Antiques and Collectibles, Newsletter, Vol. 14, No. 8, (April, 1988), pg.1.  (The title doesn’t really work as fish decoys don’t generally have hooks.  Although I have not examined this source in depth it appears to contain a number of good clear photos of legitimate fish decoys with short sketches of some of the principal carvers: Oscar Peterson, Jesse Ramey, Hans Janner, Jr., Issaac Goulette, etc.).


Kranstover, Steve.  “John Jensen, Carving Realistic Fish Decoys.”  Decoy Magazine, January/February, 1995.


Lang, Bob.   “TACKLE Column.”  Sporting Classics, Vol. VI, Issue 4, (July/August, 1987), pp. 66-67.


Lincoln, Robert Page.   “Some Handy Fishing Kinks, A Unique Decoy Minnow.”  Outdoor Recreation.  (Contains instructions for making a fish decoy.  Illustrated).


Lincoln, Robert Page.  “Minnows to be Used as Lure in Ice Fishing.”  Rod And Gun In Canada, (March 1921), pp. 1176-77.  ( Illustrated instructions for making a decoy. Basically same article as previous citation).


Lincoln, Robert Page.   “Penetrating to the Wintry Depths.”  Sportsman’s Digest, Vol. 4, No. 1, (January, 1925), pp. 30-33, 54 & 56.  (Discusses fishing for pike through the ice using a set line.  Illustrations).


Lindner, Paul.   “Kaleva Sailfish.”  The NFLCC Gazette, (December, 1994), pg. 15.  (Account of finding a Sailfish clock by Bear Creek/Makinen).


Lindner, Paul.   “Kaleva Sailfish.”  The NFLCC Gazette, (Mar., 1999), pg. 11.  (Repeat of previous article).


Lyons, Don & Joan.   “The History of the Heddon Aviation Co.”  The NFLCC Gazette, (June, 2000), pp. 4 & 5.  (A brief sketch of this little known aspect of Heddon history from the owners of the Heddon Museum).


MacDowell, Marsha and C. Kurt Dewhurst.   “Oscar Peterson.”  Michigan Natural Resources Magazine, Vol. 51, No. 6, (November-December, 1982), pp. 58-61. (This article accompanied the 1982 Michigan State Museum exhibit,  “Hooked On Carving - Oscar W. Peterson”).


MacDowell, Marsha and C. Kurt Dewhurst.   “Michigan Folk Art:  Treasures From Untrained Hands.”  Michigan Natural Resources Magazine, Vol. 46, No. 2, (March-April, 1977), pp.17-32.  (Excerpts from the exhibition catalog  “Michigan Folk Art, It’s Beginnings to 1941.”  Same illustrations as in the catalog but the photos are in color here).


MacDowell, Marsha and C. Kurt Dewhurst.   “Bud Stewart, Fine Fooler of Fish.”  Michigan Natural Resources Magazine,  Vol. 56, No. 5, (September-October, 1987), pp. 39-43.


MacQuarrie, Gordon.   “The Shadow Catchers.”  Sports Afield, Vol. 116, No. 6, (December, 1946), pp. 26-27.  (In depth look at sturgeon spearing on Lake Winnebago, Wis.).


McBurney, Terry.   “Michigan Ice Fishing Spears.”  Woods-n-Water News, (February, 2005), pp. 90-93.  (Overview of collecting Michigan spears.  7 Illustrations with values).


McBurney, Terry.   “Oscar Peterson - Master Carver.”  Woods-n-Water News, (January, 2006), pp. 96-98.  (Survey of Oscar Peterson’s works with values.  7 Illustrations, 4 from the Gary Miller Collection).


McGrath, Brian J.   “Brown’s Fisheretto.”  Lure Collector, Book No. 5, (Fall 1986), pp. 8-9, 29. (Contains detailed history of Brown Brothers and Brown’s Fisheretto Lures).


Martin, J. and Murphy, D.  “Charles C. Kellman.”  NFLCC Magazine, Vol. 4, No. 1, (June, 1994), pp. 8-15.  (25 illustrations with an in depth look at this important carver, including detailed descriptions of Kellman’s fish decoy construction techniques.  Based on the Kellman family scrapbook and interviews with Kellman’s son, Norman).


Megan, Chuck.  “Sturgeon Through the Ice - Spear Fishing Lake Winnebago.” Fur-Fish-Game, Vol. 100, No. 1, (Jan., 2003), pp. 10-13.  (Photos of Art Sonnenberg and his decoys and spear.  Good description of contemporary sturgeon spearing on Lake Winnebago, Wis.).


Michigan Department of Conservation.   “Handbook for Ice Fishermen.”  Michigan Conservation, Vol. XXXIV, No. 1, (January-February, 1965).


Miller, Gary L.   “An Introduction to Vintage Michigan Fish Decoys.”  NFLCC Magazine, Vol. 14, No. 2, (December, 2004), pp. 8-15.  (Contains suggestions for avoiding fakes and a set of criteria for judging vintage Michigan fish decoys).


Miller, Gary L.   “Transitional Fish Decoy Makers.”  NFLCC Magazine, Vol. 15 No. 2, (December, 2005), pp. 6-17.  (Profiles 5 transitional Michigan fish decoy carvers: Floyd Bruce, John Eddy, Marvin Mason, James Nelson and Ernest Peterson.  Lots of pictures). 


Miller, Gary L.   “Bear Creek Bait Company”  Lure Collector, Book No. 8, (Summer 1987), pp.10-12, 25.  (A detailed history of this important Michigan decoy and lure company).


Miller, Gary L.   “Fish Decoys - The Finer Points.”  Lure Collector, Book No. 6, (Winter, 1987), pp. 8,9.  (A brief discussion of criteria used to evaluate fish decoys as a collectible).


Miller, Gary L.   “Fish Decoys - Hottest New Sporting Collectible.”  Lure Collector, Book No. 5, (Fall, 1986), pp.20-23.  (Contains a description of spearing technique and a discussion of collecting strategies).


Miller, Gary L.   “Peterson The Carver.”  Antique Angler, (March/April, 1985), pp. 1, 3, 5. (A brief sketch of the man and his work.)


Miller, Gary L.   “Oscar Peterson data sheet and fish decoy characteristics,”  unpublished, 1984.  (This was the raw material for the Antique Angler article.)


Miller, Gary L.   “Not Just a Decoy Carver - The Lure and Lore of Oscar Peterson.”  The NFLCC Gazette, Vol. 11, No. 34, (June, 1987), pp. 12,13.  (This was basically a rehash of the two previous articles.)


Miller, Gary L.   “Unmasking The Manistee.”  The NFLCC Gazette, Vol. 11, No. 36, (December, 1987), pp. 8 & 9.  (Story of the discovery of C. R. Harris as the maker of the Manistee Minnow).


Miller, Gary L.  “Peterson Plugs.”  The NFLCC Gazette, (September, 2002).  (A detailed discussion of Oscar Peterson’s fishing lures).


Miller, Stephen.  “The Next Hot Decoys: Fish.”  International Wildlife, (Nov.- Dec. 1990.)


Moody, Charles Stuart.  “Winter Fishing.”  Outdoor Life, Vol. XXXV, No. 2, (February, 1915), pp. 105-110.  (Interesting account of fishing through the ice for whitefish on Lake Pend Oreille, Idaho.  Nine photos.)


Morrison, Tobin.  “Wood - Be Fish.”  Field & Stream, Vol. XCV, No. 2, (June, 1990), pp. 52-95.  (One excellent photo and in depth discussion of fish decoy collecting).


Morrison, Tobin. “Hooked On Decoys.”  The Saturday Evening Post, Vol. 263, No. 2  (March, 1991), pp.64-111.  (Another excellent in depth decoy article with many good photos).


Parker, Jackson.   “New Release Honors Michigan’s Outstanding Maker of Fish Decoys.”  Decoy Magazine, Vol. 12, No.1, (January/February 1988), pp.31-32.  (Book review of Michigan’s Master Carver, Oscar W. Peterson by Ronald J. Fritz.)


Parker, Jackson.   “Eclectic American folk art makes new splash in print.”  Decoy Magazine, Vol. 11, No. 2, (March/April 1987), pp.28-29.  (Book review of The Fish Decoy by Art, Brad and Scott Kimball).


Pennington, William.   “Fish Story.”  North American Decoys, (Fall, 1973), pp. 30-33.  (Good article.  Describes taking of 45 lb. muskie in 1944 by John Flieman (with Photo) .  Other photos depict Phyllis Ellison’s collection, Eskimo spearing and artifacts at the Milwaukee Public Museum, decoys by Yock Meldrum, David Hoag and his grandfather (Lake Champlain), and Chucker Loesch (New York).


Pennington, Willis G.   “J. W. Reynolds Decoy Factory.”  Decoy Collector’s Guide, Vol. 6, 1977, pp. 125-130.


Petersen, Donald J.   “Coelestin “Cel” Athman: Spear Maker Extraordinaire.”  Hunting & Fishing Collectibles Magazine, Vol. 3, No. 3 (May/June, 2003), pg. 35.  (Brief biographical sketch of Pierz, Minnesota spearmaker Cel Athman).


Petersen, Donald J.   “Charles E. Fairbanks, Sr., Master Fish Decoy Carver of Minnesota.”  Hunting & Fishing Collectibles Magazine, Vol. 3, No. 3 (May/June, 2003), pp. 22 & 23.  (Brief biographical sketch and description of this makers decoys).


Petersen, Donald J.   “Minnesota fish decoy makers Carl Satre, Lawrence Lunka and Frank Minsch.”  Decoy Magazine, (May/June, 2003), pp. 16 & 17.  (Very brief sketchs and descriptions of these makers with 8 illustrations).


Petersen, Donald J. & Kane, Jim,   “Eugene Spears Manufacturing Company of Willmar, Minnesota.”  Hunting & Fishing Collectibles Magazine, Vol. 4, No. 3 (May/June, 2004), pp. 67-69.  (Excellent account of a previously unidentified spear maker taken directly from one of the company founders).


Peterson, Kenneth L.   “Bud Stewart: Michigan’s Legendary Baitmaker.”  Michigan Sportsman, Vol.  , No.  , (April, 1985), pp.46-48.  (Basic Bud Stewart article).


Petrucco, Louis, Tom Shumaker and Dick Walters.  “Michigan Carvers Who Created Both Duck and Fish Decoys.”  Hunting & Fishing Collectibles Magazine, Vol. 2, No. 4, (May/June, 2002), pp. 47-49.  (First in a series of articles promising to reveal carvers who carved both duck and fish decoys.  This article deals with Lake St. Clair area carvers, other areas to follow.  Very sketchy information, much of it new, presented as captions to the color photos which illustrate examples of each carvers duck and fish decoys).


Petrucco, Louis.  “Hans Janner, Sr., Ice Fishing Decoy Maker From Michigan’s Lake St. Clair.”  Hunting & Fishing Collectibles Magazine, Vol. 2, No. 4, (May/June, 2002), pp. 52-54.  (Short bio with many color photos depicting Han’s fish decoys, spears and muskie plugs).


Petrucco, Louis.  “Ice Fishing Decoys of Hans Janner, Jr.”  Hunting & Fishing Collectibles Magazine, Vol. 2, No. 5, (July/August, 2002), pg. 35.  (Short photo essay with biographic sketch.  5 Photos).


Petrucco, Louis.  “The Decoys of John Kalash...and More.”  Hunting & Fishing Collectibles Magazine, Vol. 3, No.4, (July/August, 2003), pp. 39-41.


Petrucco, Louis.  “Ken Bruning (1919-1974): Premier Fish Decoy Creator From Michigan.”  Hunting & Fishing Collectibles Magazine, Vol. 4, No.3, (May/June, 2004), pp. 48-51.  (Excellent in-depth article on this important Michigan carver and his family.  17 illustrations show the many variations from the finely rendered quasi-photographic finishes to the slightly crude early examples).


Proeller, Mary Luise.   “Rediscovering Fish Decoys.”  Antiques & Collecting Magazine, Vol. 98, No. 11, (January, 1994), pp. 28, 29 & 56.  (3 rather poor quality photos of Trombley, Peterson, Defer and Howell decoys.  A few minor factual errors but basically a fair and balanced article.  Quotes Arne Anton, Gene Kangas and Arlan Ettinger and discusses how to avoid fakes).


Richey, George.   “Paul Bowers Spearing Decoys.”  The NFLCC Gazette, Vol. 11, No. 34,  (June, 1987), pp. 8.  (A brief sketch of this maker and his decoys).


Richey, George.  “New Stump Dodgers Are Found.”  NFLCC Gazette, (Sept, 1992), pg.17.  (A short account of finding some Bert Winnie experimental or prototype lures including top water, flat top and unusual jointed Stump Dodgers).


Richey, George.  “Good to the Last Fish.”  NFLCC Gazette, (Mar., 1994), pp.11 & 12.  (A short account of the Jay-Dee Bait Co. operated by Jay D. Kitchen of Muskegon & Twin Lakes, Mich.).


Richey, George.  “The Bar Lake Ice Spearing Decoy.”  The NFLCC Gazette, (June, 1995)


Richey, George.  “Edson’s Fish Fooler.”  The NFLCC Gazette, (December, 1995), pg. 22.  (Sketches the development of the Fish Fooler Lure/Decoy).


Richey, George.  “Homer Le Blanc, His Life & Lures.”  The NFLCC Gazette, (September, 1996), pp. 16 & 17.  (A tribute to Homer).


Richey, George.   “The Isadore Clark Spring Lure.”  The NFLCC Gazette, (December, 1997), pg. 16.  (A brief sketch of this maker and his lures.  Also made fish decoys.  See also Mar., 2000 article by Dan Wilson & George Richey).


Richey, George.   “Stump Dodgers and Double Bubbles.”  The NFLCC Gazette,  (March, 1998), pp. 19-21.  (Another look at Bert Winnie’s life and lures).


Richey, George.   “A Visit With A Lure Legend!”  The NFLCC Gazette,  (June, 2000), pp. 14 & 15.  (An interview with Trygve Lund and his involvement with Makinen and others).


Rover.  “Winter Fishing in Lake Michigan.”  Forest and Stream, April 12, 1877.  (Another contemporaneous description of the “Ice City” on Saginaw Bay, Lake Huron (not Lake Michigan as the title states).  Tells of 300 men being stranded on an ice floe).


Rosenbaum, Seth.   “American Fishing Lures and Fish Decoys.”  Country Living, Vol. 8, No. 7, (July, 1985),  pp. 26, 137. (The decoys identified as Paul Henderson’s in this article are actually by William Flanagan).


Rosenbaum, Seth.   “Lures” Column.  Sporting Classics, Vol. IV, Issue 1, (Mar./April 1985), pg. 84.  (The lure illustrated here on top of a patent drawing is not an Oscar Peterson product).


Rosenbaum, Seth.   “Lures” Column.  Sporting Classics, Vol. IV, Issue 2, (May/June 1985), pp. 82-83.  (Contains an excellent detailed history of Herter’s, Inc.).


Sandys, Edwyn.   “A Matter of Mascalonge.”  Outing, Vol. XL, No. 5, (August, 1902), pp. 576-582.  (Interesting early account of spearing muskie through the ice.  Good writing.  Also has illustration of spearing muskie from a boat with a short throwing spear).


Satterthwaite, Franklin.   “Smelt Fishing.”  Harper’s Weekly, Vol. XXX., No. 1520,(February 6, 1886), pp.93-94.  (Contains a wonderful illustration of smelt fishing through the ice and a detailed description of it as well as an in depth discussion of this activity throughout New England).


Sawers, John. “Fishing Spears - A Brief Background, Part 1.”  The Chronicle, Early American Industries, June 1990, pp. 35-37.


Sawers, John. “Fishing Spears - Part 2, Related Implements.”  The Chronicle, Early American Industries, Sept. 1990, p. 68.


Sibley, Hi. “Light Harpoon Gun Spears Fish and Frogs.”  Science and Mechanics Magazine, June, 1952, pp. 119-20.  (Detailed instructions on how to build a harpoon gun for spearing fish and frogs).


Smith, John L. “Charles Kellman: Fishing’s Master Folk Artist ? You be the judge.”  Tackle Trader, Vol. 3, Issue 3, (Fall 1988), pp. 1, 6 & 17.  (15 photos of Kellman lures and brief article).


Smith, Larry M.   “A Lure Without Hooks - The Fish Decoy.”  NFLCC Gazette, (January, 1985).   (General article discussing factory decoys as well as hand mades.  Erroneously states that spearing is legal only in Wisconsin and Michigan.  Catalog illustrations of Heddon and Paw Paw decoys).


Smith, Larry M.  “Getting Hooked on Fish Decoys.” Antique Angler, (May/June, 1983), pp. 1, 4.  (General discussion of fish decoys with four photos.  One photo mis-identified as R. Holt, should be Frank Hostman).


Smith, Larry M.   “Inside and Outside Of A Duck-Fish.”  The NFLCC Gazette, Vol. 11, No. 35 (September,1987), pp. 12-13.


Smith, Tony & Lensky, Richard.   “The Turner Casting Lures of Coldwater, Michigan.”  The NFLCC Gazette, (December, 1994), pp. 17 & 18.  (Sketch of the Turners and their baits with a photo of 3 frog decoys from the Turner’s ice fishing box).


Sonnett, Bill.   “The Confusing Heddon 400s”  NFLCC Gazette, (June, 1994), pp. 13 & 14.  (Short history of Heddon’s use of the 400 model number).


Sonnett, Bill.   “William Shakespeare, Jr. Wooden Minnows”  NFLCC Magazine, Vol. 9, No. 2, (December, 1999), pp. 28-35.  (Contains in depth look at the relationship between Jay B. and Fred Rhodes and their involvement in Michigan’s early fishing tackle industry).


Sorenson, Hal, and Edward T. de Navarre.   “Seaworthy Divers With That ‘Extra Touch’.”  Decoy Collector’s Guide, 1968, pp. 56-58.


Spreck, Tim.  “Cadillac, Michigan School of Fish Carvers:  Jim Pullen.”  Hunting & Fishing Collectibles Magazine, Vol. 2, No. 5, (July/August, 2002), pp. 54-56.  (Promotional piece with biographical sketch of Jim Pullen and 6 photos).


Spreck, Tim.  “Folk Art Fish Decoys - The Purest of Utilitarian Folk Art Collectibles.”  Southeastern Antiquing and Collecting Magazine, Vol. 9, No. 1, January, 2006.


Stevenson, Julie Bonner.  “Tony Smith And The Macatawa Bait Co.”  Hunting & Fishing Collectibles Magazine,  Vol. 3, No. 2, (March/April, 2003), pp.18-20.  (More of a commercial than an article but nonetheless informative).


Stinson, Sam S.  “Whence The Plug?”  The American Angler, Vol. 3, No. 1, (May, 1918), pp. 6-12.  (Contains an illustration of what might possibly be the earliest known documented fish decoy still extant.  This decoy was made by Richard Heddon, Jim Heddon’s father and was used by them for both trolling for pike and ice spearing on Magian Lake, twelve miles from Dowagiac, Mich. in the 1850s.  The article quotes Chas. Heddon and a host of other important sources on the origens of the wooden plug). 


Sunderlin, Sylvia.   “Where to Find It.”  House Beautiful, (August, 1986), pp. 139.


Swanson, Ronald S.  “Fish Models, Plaques and Effigies.”  Decoy Magazine, (July/August 1996).


Thaler, Frederic I.   “Discover Fish Decoys:  Folky, Fun and Unique.”  Antique Monthly, (October, 1984), pp. 16A.  (Very general discussion of fish decoys as a collectible.  Three fish are illustrated.  One of which is mis-identified as an Oscar Peterson Yellow Perch circa 1904-1940.  Should say,  “Brook Trout by Jim Nelson, Cadillac, Michigan.  Circa 1960.”).


“These Fish Are Keepers”.  Time Magazine, Vol. 135, No. 9  (February 26, 1990), pg. 55.  (Two paragraph promo for “Beneath The Ice” exhibit at the Museum of American Folk Art.  One photo).


Thomas, Paul.   “A Fish Out of Water.”  Traverse, The Magazine,  Vol. 8, No. 8, (January, 1989), pp. 21-25. (Discussion of the current fish decoy collecting rage. Quotes Gary L. Miller heavily. Good photos. Contains sidebar article on contemporary carver Dave Kober).


Tonelli, Donna.   “Sportsman’s Collectibles.”  Midwest Outdoors, (May, 1980).  (General introductory article on fish decoys.  One photo showing 12 typical decoys.  Donna’s description of the spearing experience is nearly identical to Will Pennington’s description seven years earlier in North American Decoy Magazine).


Tonelli, Donna.   “Sportsman’s Collectibles:  Fish Decoys.”  Midwest Outdoors, (October, 1981), pp. 30-31.  (General article with a half dozen illustrations, one of which appears to be a Peterson sucker.  She is of course incorrect when she states that no real fish decoys have hooks).


Tonelli, Donna.  “Fred Lexow, Minnesota Folk Artist.”  Decoy Magazine,  (July/August 1989).


Tonelli, Donna.  “Leroy Howell.”  Decoy Magazine,  (November/December, 1990).


Tonelli, Donna.  “Ernest Newman - Minnesota Master Tackle Maker.”  Decoy Magazine,  (March/April, 1991).


Tonelli, Donna.  “John Albert Ryden - Fish Maker from Aitkin County.”  Decoy Magazine,  (May/June 1991).


Tonelli, Donna.  “Frank Mizera - Minnesota Fish Decoy Maker.”  Decoy Magazine,  (July/August, 1991).


Tonelli, Donna.  “William ‘Slow’ Batters: Minnesota’s Real ‘Harry Blanchard’.”  Decoy Magazine,  (September/October, 1991).


Tonelli, Donna.  “Bethel Decoys: Continuing a Family Tradition.”  Decoy Magazine,  (January/February, 1992).


Tonelli, Donna.  “John Tax: A Minnesota Whittler.”  Decoy Magazine,  (March/April, 1992).


Tonelli, Donna.  “Interest in Fish Decoys Grows by Leaps and Bounds.”  Decoy Magazine,  (May/June, 1992).


Tonelli, Donna.  “Chester ‘Chet’ Sawyer, True Folk Artist of the North Woods.”  Decoy Magazine,  (July/August, 1992).


Tonelli, Donna.  “Ray Thompson, Maker of Superb Fishing Tackle and Fish Decoys.”  Decoy Magazine,  (September/October, 1992).


Tonelli, Donna.  “Chuck Hall, Carving Out the Good Life.”  Decoy Magazine,  (January/February, 1993).


Tonelli, Donna.  “Copper Fish Decoys, Casting Variety and Form.”  Decoy Magazine,  (Nov/Dec, 1993).


Tonelli, Donna.  “Heddon and Sons Inc., Breaking the Ice With Spearing Decoys.”  Decoy Magazine,  (January/February, 1994).


Tonelli, Donna.  “Tackle Companies Market to Hearty Spear Fishermen.”  Decoy Magazine,  (May/June, 1994).


Tonelli, Donna.  “LaCrosse River Spear Fishing Decoys.”  Decoy Magazine,  (March/April, 1995).


Tonelli, Donna.  “The Lure of Frogs.”  Decoy Magazine,  (July/August, 1995).


Tonelli, Donna.  “Wilbur ‘Willie’ Peterson, Carving Out A Cottage Industry.”  Decoy Magazine,  (March/April, 1997).


Tonelli, Donna.  “The Faue Brothers, Making ‘Lucky Sticks’ and Lures For Minnesota Spear Fishermen.”  Decoy Magazine,  (May/June, 1998).


Tonelli, Donna.  “George Herter, The P.T. Barnum of Decoys.”  Decoy Magazine,  (May/June, 1999).


Tonelli, Donna.  “Tom Schroeder, Michigan’s Master Decoy Maker.”  Decoy Magazine,  Volume 26, No. 3, (May/June, 2002), pp. 8-13.  (Very good biographical sketch of Tom with many good color and black & white photos of Tom and his duck decoys.  The only disappointment is that Donna failed to illustrate or even mention Schroeder’s much appreciated fish decoys).


Torella, Dominic III.  “John Henry Was A Fish Catchin’ Man.”  American Fish Decoy Association Forum,  No. 4, (March, 1991), pp. 5-7.  (A top notch article written from a personal interview with the master himself, John Henry Fairfield).


Treml, Rich.   “John Eddy and Marvin Mason - Michigan Premier Fish Carvers.”  The NFLCC Gazette, Vol. 11, No. 36 (December,1987), p.5.


V. C.  “The History of a Decoy Fish.”  Forest and Stream, (March 24, 1892).  (A very interesting account of fishing with a decoy in Wisconsin in 1856 which discusses realism vs. abstraction in fish decoy design).


Weaver, John.  “Fish Decoy Collectors Are in Uncharted Waters.”  Antique Week, Vol. 24, No. 40 (Jan. 6, 1992), pp. 1-40.  (Interview with Art Kimball).


White, Bradford.  “Henry Max: ‘Marathon’ Fish Decoy Carver”.  Hunting & Fishing Collectibles Magazine, Vol. 2, No. 4, (May/June, 2002), pp.33-36.  (Biographical sketch of Henry and analysis of his decoys with several photos of him and his decoys).


Wiesenberger, Dave.   “Collecting Fish Decoys.”  Lure Collector, Book No. 4, (Summer 1986), p.14. (General overview of the field).


Wiesenberger, Dave.   “Ken and Mark Bruning of Rogers City, Michigan.”  Lure Collector, Book No. 5, (Fall 1986), p.13.  (Brief discussion of these important makers; some inaccuracies).


Wilson, Dan & Richey, George.   “More On Isadore Clark.”  The NFLCC Gazette, (Mar., 2000), pp. 17, 20 & 21.  (A sketch of this maker and his lures.  Also made fish decoys.  See also Dec., 1997 article by George Richey).


Zabar, Lori Segal.   “A Collector’s Guide to Fish Decoys.”  The Clarion, Vol. II, No. 4, (Fall 1986), pp. 25-29.  (Fairly good analysis of the fish decoy field but Ms. Zabar is incorrect in stating that a decoy should not contain any hooks.  Thirteen decoys illustrated.  The decoy on pg. 29 is mis-attributed; should read “Brook Trout decoy by Jim Nelson; circa 1960).




Anonymous.  “Fishing On The Ice In Canada.”  New York Sun, Dec. 8, 1901.  (Reports on the indian “method of spearing through the ice” in the Great Lakes Region.  “…the cruel Indian weapon descends and fastens itself in the flesh of the writhing dore (pike)”).


Anonymous.  “Rare Sport of Ice Fishing Now Summons Its Devotees.”  New York Times, Jan. 13, 1929.  (Discussion of fishing through the ice of Lake Champlain for “ice fish” (smelt).   “Ice fishing …is a pastime among the farmers and merchants who have nothing else to do in the Winter”).


Barry, Ann.  “Fish Decoys Aren’t Fooling Collectors.”  The New York Times, Sunday, August 13, 1989. pg. 34 H. (Quotes heavily Ben Apfelbaum and Aarne Anton).


Bryant, Nelson.  “Hookless Lures Still Catch Notice.”  The New York Times, Sunday, February 18, 1990.  pg. 6 S.  (“Beneath the Ice” exhibit promo.  Good article).


Campbell, Al.   “Record Pike Caught in Lake Leelanau.”  The Leelanau Enterprise and Tribune, (January 27, 1983), pp. 1, 6.


Charles, Gordon.   “Pike are prized as winter fishing trophies.”  The Record  Eagle, (Friday, January 2, 1987), pp. 18.


Charles, Gordon.   “Winter is ‘frosting on angler’s dessert’.”  The Record Eagle,  (January 9, 1987), pp. 21.


Daniels, Mary.   “A sampler of our country treasures.”  Chicago Tribune, Section 15, (June 29, 1986), pp. 1, 4, and 5.


East, Ben.   “Says Ice Fishing Not Hard on Lakes.”  Antrim County News, (February 19, 1938).


 “Fish decoys secure a place in history.”  The News American, Section 15C, (Sunday, February 16,1986).


 “Fish Effigies of Guerro.”  The Miami Herald:  Tropic, (February 12, 1984).  (These Mexican fish effigies could be very easily turned into fish decoys.  Look out).


“Ice Leaving Bay And Ciscoe City’s A Thing Of Past.”  Traverse City Record Eagle, (April 6,1933) pg.1. (A brief article about Ciscoe City and its importance to subsistence during hard times).


Jenkins, Guy H.   “Ice Fishers Irk ‘Summer’ Anglers.”  Antrim County News,  (February 12, 1938).  (Good discussion of the basic conflict between winter and summer fisherman).


McEwen, Craig.   “Park Rapids guide reels in fisherman.”  Sunday Forum-Fargo Moorhead, Section C, (January 20, 1980), pp. c-1.


 “Old fish decoys now hooking collectors.”  Chicago Tribune, Section 15, (April 20, 1986), pp. 20.


Otto, Simon.   “First ‘fish story’ was the painful truth.”  The Record Eagle, (Monday, January 31, 1983), pp. 27.


“Rising tide of interest in fish decoys.”  Chicago Tribune, Section 15, (January 19, 1986), pp. 18.


Stevens, Gary.   “Local man gains fame through bait-making.”  The Alpena News, (July 19,1985), pp. 3-D & 6-D.  (Good article on Bud Stewart).


 “Tradition on the tips of a spear.”  In Focus, Chicago Tribune, Section 4, (June 25, 1986), pp. 8. 





Richard A. Bourne Co., Inc.  The Roy Bull Decoy Collection.  Sessions I and II, March 8 & 9,1983.


Richard A. Bourne Co., Inc.  Fishing and Sporting Auction.  June 20, 1986.


Garth’s Arts & Antiques.  Auction # 1, Early American Antiques and Decorative Arts.  January 6, 7, 8, 2005.  (Lots 1090-1094: Oscar Peterson items, 1127 & 1128: Oscar Peterson figures, 1161-1172: 15 fish decoys).


Guyette and Schmidt Inc.  North American Decoys At Auction.  April 26 & 27, 2001.  w/prices realized list.  (Included a large selection of Fish Decoys by Leroy Howell, one of which sold at $9,000).


Guyette and Schmidt Inc.  North American Decoys At Auction.  July 26 & 27, 2001.  180 pgs. w/prices realized list.  (45 illustrated Fish Decoys including Oscar Peterson, Howell, Janner, Bruning, Kovecki, Wendt, South Bend and Faue).


Guyette and Schmidt Inc.  North American Decoys At Auction.  November 7 & 8, 2001.  w/prices realized list.  (6 lots of fish decoys including 4 Petersons.  Interestingly, although reported as sold, some of these same decoys show up again in the following sale and sell again, this time at much lower prices).


Guyette and Schmidt Inc.  North American Decoys At Auction.  April 25 & 26, 2002.  980 lots w/prices realized list.  (55 illustrated fish decoy lots including pieces by Howell, Peterson, Janner, Goulette, Washall, Chosa, Faue, Seymour, Jokala, Genslo, Trombley, Stores, Kober, plus 8 lots of fish plaques and models including two plaques by Oscar Peterson).


Guyette and Schmidt Inc.  North American Decoys At Auction.  July 25 & 26, 2002.  156 pgs. w/prices realized list.  (35 illustrated lots of fish decoys, mostly by Leroy Howell and another 8 lots of fish plaques, Peterson peacock plaque and 1 drawing of a trout by Shang Wheeler.  In addition to Howell, includes fish decoys by Batters, Bethel, Max, Sawyer, Walker, Borsch, Peterson, McNair and many unknowns).


Guyette and Schmidt Inc.  North American Decoys At Auction.  November 6 & 7, 2002.  w/prices realized list.  (17 lots of fish decoys including 3 Petersons, Vandenbossche, Hans Janner, McNair, Howell, Hamlin, Sears, Morgan, Bear Creek, Nelson and one 42” Peterson Rainbow Trout Plaque).


Guyette and Schmidt Inc.  North American Decoys At Auction.  April 25 & 25, 2003.  w/prices realized list.  (Included small Peterson Pike Plaque, decoys by Howell, Janner, Dehate and New York state decoys, among others).


Guyette and Schmidt Inc.  North American Decoys At Auction.  July 24 & 25, 2003.  w/prices realized list.  (31 lots of fish decoys including Peterson, Howell, Heddon, Janner, Luce, Vandenbossche, McNair, Wregglesworth, Nelson and Musky Manor).


Guyette and Schmidt Inc.  North American Decoys At Auction.  November 12 & 13, 2003.  w/prices realized list.  (Fish decoys by Howell and New York state).


Guyette and Schmidt Inc.  North American Decoys At Auction.  April 22 & 23, 2004.  w/prices realized list.  (47 lots of fish decoys including Peterson, Howell, Newman, Goulette, Gohres, La Crosse School, Seymour, Faue, Merrill and 12 lots of O. Peterson decorative carvings).


Guyette and Schmidt Inc.  North American Decoys At Auction.  July 29-30, 2004.  w/prices realized list.  (20 lots of fish decoys including O. Peterson, Schramm, Trombley and Dehate, 14 more of Howells and one large (33.5”) Peterson Pike Plaque ).


Guyette and Schmidt Inc.  North American Decoys At Auction.  November 10 & 11, 2004.  w/prices realized list.  (10 lots of fish decoys including O. Peterson, A. Trombley and A. Dehate,).


Guyette and Schmidt Inc.  North American Decoys At Auction.  April 28 & 29, 2005.  w/prices realized list.  (14 lots of Oscar Petersons carvings and 14 more lots of New York fish decoys).


Guyette and Schmidt Inc.  North American Decoys At Auction.  July 30 & 31, 2005.  w/prices realized list.  (30 lots of fish decoys including Petersons and Howells).


Guyette and Schmidt Inc.  North American Decoys At Auction.  November 9 & 10, 2005.  w/prices realized list.  (5 lots of fish decoys including 3 Petersons and 2 Howells).


Guyette and Schmidt Inc.  North American Decoys At Auction.  April 27 & 28, 2006.  w/prices realized list.  (29 lots of fish decoys including Peterson, Lake Chautauqua, Heddon and Howell).


Lang’s Sporting Collectibles, Inc.  Fall Two Session Auction.  November 4 & 5, 2005.  w/prices realized list.  (78 lots of fish decoys including O. Peterson and others).


Richard W. Oliver Auction Gallery.  Antique and Classic Fishing Tackle. Kennebunk, Maine, July 3, 1985.


Richard W. Oliver Auction Gallery.  Antique and Classic Fishing Tackle. Kennebunk, Maine, July 3 & 4, 1986.


Richard W. Oliver Auction Gallery.  Classic-Antique Sporting Collectibles. Charleston, South Carolina, February 13, 1987.


Richard W. Oliver Auction Gallery.  Antique and Classic Fishing Tackle. Kennebunk, Maine, July 2 & 3, 1987.


Sotheby’s Auction Galleries.  American Folk Art Sale.  New York, NY, Jan. 27, 1990.  (Contained 3 lots of fish decoys consigned by Steve Michaan.  All set new world record prices for fish decoys; Oscar Peterson 9” Brown Trout with glass eyes - $18,700, Harry Seymour Steelhead - $14,300 and a Pecor Fox Perch - $7,250).


Sotheby’s Auction Galleries.  Collection of Stanley Sax.  New York, NY, Jan. 17, 1998.  (Lots 549-561 contained 82 fish decoys by Oscar Peterson, Bud Stewart, Dave Kober, Carl Christiansen, Mike Maxson, Pecore Fox, Hans Janner, Jim Foote, John Kalash and various unidentified makers.  The top lot was the Hans Janner Bass at $4,887.)


Sotheby’s Auction Galleries.  The Distinguished Collection of American Waterfowl Decoys of Dr. James M. McCleery.  New York, NY, Jan. 22 & 23, 2000.  (Lots 188-197 contained fish decoys by William Faue, Harry Seymour and unidentified Lake Chautauqua, New York makers.  Prices were generally high and a new world record was set for a fish decoy.  An anonymous Lake Chautauqua sucker realized $32,200.  Lots 25-28 contained 5 quite ordinary midwestern fish spears, all mis-cataloged as eel spears and the descriptions did not match up with the pictures.  Nevertheless, all realized unrealistically high prices.)


South Bay Auctions.  Sporting Collectibles.  East Moriches, New York, October 17, 1987.


William Doyle Galleries.  Waterfowl and Shorebird Decoys.  New York, NY, Dec. 3,1986. (Contains descriptions, illustrations and prices realized for 83 fish decoys in 23 lots).




Cranbrook Academy of Art Museum.  The Decoy as Folk Sculpture.  January 27 - February 22, 1987.  (Illustrations of Michigan fish decoys from the Ronald Swanson Collection).


The Michael and Julie Hall Collection of American Folk Art.  Common Ground/Uncommon VisionCatalog of an exhibition that was seen at the Milwaukee Art Museum, The Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art, Albright-Knox Art Gallery, the Delaware Art Museum and the Abby Aldrich Rockefeller Folk Art Center, 1993-1995. (Includes introduction by Russell Bowman, interviews with Michael D. Hall and Julie Hall, essays by Lucy R. Lippard, Jeffrey R. Hayes, and Kenneth Ames. Among the 233 objects depicted were waterfowl, shorebird, and fish decoys).


Krolikowski, Tony, Charlie Hart and Chubby Buchman.  The Art Center: Decoys/Folk Art of the Saint Clair Flats.  September 9 - October 7.


MacDowell, Marsha, and C. Kurt Dewhurst.  Michigan Folk Art, Its Beginnings To 1941.  Michigan State University, East Lansing, August 29- October 10, 1976.  (This was a landmark exhibition for Michigan fish decoys.  22 examples are illustrated here).


MacDowell, Marsha, and C. Kurt Dewhurst.  Rainbows in the Sky.  Michigan State University, East Lansing, October 29 - December 17, 1978.  (Brief discussion with photos of Miles Smith and Marvin Mason).


National Museum of Man, and National Museums of Canada.  Les Athabascans, Ces Étrangers Du Nord.  Ottawa, Canada, 1974, (See pp. 9, Color plate 7 for a terrific Athabascan bone or ivory fish decoy).


Swanson, Ronald S.  Fish Models: An Exhibition.  The American Museum of Fly Fishing, Manchester, Vermont, 1992-1993.  (Plate XXV, pg.13 illustrates Oscar Peterson Plaque of leaping Brook Trout taking a fly.  Some discussion on pg.12 regarding a model of a tiger muskie made by Alton “Chub” Buchman in 1979).




 “A-B-C” Bait & Mfg. Co.   “A-B-C” Summer and Winter Fishing Tackle, Detroit, Michigan, pre-1935.  (Illustrates the A-B-C Ice Decoy Minnow, Spear, Spud, Skimmer and Tip-ups).


Abercrombie & Fitch Co.  General Sporting Goods Catalogue, New York, NY, 1917. (Contains good illustrations of tip-ups, stringers, Marbles knives, nets, bobbers, creels, spears, gaffs, Kewell-Stewart spoon and Winnie’s Stump Dodger).


Abraham Fur Co.  Official Trapper’s Guide and Book of Trapper’s Supplies, Saint Louis, Mo., Season of 1926-27.  (Page 10 contains illustrations of metal fish decoys used to bait traps.)


Barbara A. Johnson Antiques.  Contemporary American Folk Art, Rockford, Illinois, 1985.  Contains a short paragraph on Lou Schifferl and examples of his work.)


Buhl Sons Company.  Wholesale Hardware Catalog-1924, Detroit, Michigan, 1924.


C.&W. McClean Mercantile Co.  Wholesale Sporting Goods Catalog No. 808, St. Louis, Missouri, 1928. (Contains excellent  illustrations of bobbers, floats, nets, spears, spring gaffs and fish tongs).


Edw. K. Tryon Company.  Sporting Goods Catalog No. 102, Philadelphia, Penn., 1939.  (Illustrations of bobbers, spears, tip-ups, fish tongs, spring gaffs and Marbles knives).


Herter’s, Inc.  Herter’s   No. 71,  Waseca, Minnesota, 1961, pg. 300.  (Spear illustration).


Herter’s, Inc.  Herter’s   No. 75,  Waseca, Minnesota, 1965, pg. 347.  (Illustrations of Herter’s ice fishing decoys offered in two sizes.  Are actually Randall decoys).


Herter’s, Inc.  Herter’s.  No. 80R, Waseca, Minnesota, 1970, pp. 273 &306.  (Illustrations of Herter’s spears (Randall) and Herter’s “Fleshex Minnows”).


James Heddon’s Sons. Trade Catalog, Dowagiac, Michigan, 1913.


James Heddon’s Sons. Trade Catalog, Dowagiac, Michigan, 1916


James Heddon’s Sons. Trade Catalog, Dowagiac, Michigan, 1923.


John Pritzlaff Hardware Company.  Fishing Tackle, Milwaukee,Wisconsin, c.1925.


Kennedy Bros. Arms Co.  Trade Catalog, Saint Paul, Minnesota, 1935.  (Pg. 65 illustrates a Paw-Paw ice decoy minnow that was offered in 5” & 7” sizes).


Morley Brothers.  Catalog #31, Saginaw, Michigan, 1931, pp. 942.


Morley Brothers.  Catalog #36, Saginaw, Michigan, 1936, pp. 668.


Morley Brothers.  Catalog #49, Saginaw, Michigan, 1949, pp. 1181.


Morley Brothers.  1958/1959 Ice Tackle, Saginaw, Michigan, 1958.


Netcraft Co.  The Netcraft Co.:  Everything For Fishing!  Catalog No. 39, Toledo, Ohio, 1951.


Shapleigh Hardware Co.  Shapleigh’s Spring and Summer Sporting Goods Catalog No. 308,    St. Louis, Missouri, 1928. (Illustrations of bobbers, gaffs, spears, tongs and scalers).


South Bend Bait Co. South Bend Fishing Tackle, Trade Catalog, Season 1923-24, South Bend, Ind.,1923.


William Read and Sons.  Catalogue of Fine Fishing Tackle.  Boston, Mass., 1912.




Baron, Frank R.  Great Lakes Ice Decoys, No. 1 (Summer 1986),Livonia, Mich.  (Sale offering 44 items, 15 sketches and an article on Leroy Howell).


Baron, Frank R.  Great Lakes Ice Decoys, No. 2 (Fall 1986), Livonia, Mich.  (Sale offering 46 items, 9 sketches and an article on Oscar Peterson).


Baron, Frank R.  Great Lakes Ice Decoys, No. 3 (Winter 1987), Livonia, Mich.  (Sale offering 48 items, 6 sketches and an article on The Bear Creek Bait Co.).


Baron, Frank R.  Great Lakes Ice Decoys, No. 4 (Spring 1987), Livonia, Mich.  (Sale offering 43 items, 7 sketches and an article on Bud Stewart).


Baron, Frank R.  Great Lakes Ice Decoys, No. 5 (Summer 1987), Livonia, Mich.  (Sale offering 47 items, 6 sketches and an article on The Faue Brothers).


Baron, Frank R.  Great Lakes Ice Decoys, No. 6 (Fall 1987), Livonia, Mich.  (Sale offering 45 items, 6 sketches and an article on The Veihl Family).


Fritz, Ronald.  Sale lists.  1990s.


Kimball, Art.  Fish Decoy List, January, 1988, Boulder Junction, WI.  (Sale offering 140 items, many of which are illustrated in his Fish Decoys, Vol. I & II.  He might just as well have put the prices right next to the pictures in the book and saved us all the trouble of looking them up).


Miller, Gary L.  Fish Decoys, Catalog No.1 (April, 1986),Suttons Bay, Mich.  (Illustrated 10 page catalog of old and new fish decoys for sale with supporting text).


Miller, Gary L.  Fish Decoys, Catalog No. 2 (November, 1987),Suttons Bay, Mich.  (Illustrated 14 page catalog of old and new fish decoys for sale).


Smith, John L.  Tackle Trader, Vol. 2, Issue 4 (Winter 1987),Westerville, Ohio, pg. 15.  (Sale list containing 18 ice decoys, mostly contemporary).





Baron, Frank R.  The Incredible Folk Art of Carl R. Christiansen.  Color.


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